Because many chemical products are flammable, insurance companies like highly-protected facilities with strong safety features such as 1) appropriate number of firewalls, 2) regularly tested sprinkler systems, and 3) facility maintenance protocol.
Below describes a basic, best-practice method for establishing a fire-resistant, highly-protected facility.
Bonding and Grounding
Static Electricity: Fire-Starter
The number one ignition source that may lead to a fire while handling flammable and/or combustible liquids is static electricity sparking.
One of the easiest and least expensive means of reducing the risk of fire at your facility is to install and properly use a bonding and grounding system.
In areas where flammable vapors may be present under normal operations, all conductive objects that are electrically isolated from a ground by nonconductors, such as nonconductive piping or hoses, equipment supports, gaskets, etc., should be grounded and bonded.
Dispensing From a Mixer
The container being filled should be bonded to the dispensing mixer using a permanent connection at the dispensing mixer and a point-type clamp on the container. A point-type clamp is a more reliable connection, as the ‘point’ penetrates any dried paint, etc. on the container.
The dispenser mixer should be grounded using a permanent connection to an established ground (electrical conduit should not be used for grounding).
Dispensing From a Drum
Each drum should be bonded to the storage rack using C-clamps. (The insignificant contact achieved by resting a metal drum on a metal rack is not always sufficient.) The storage rack should be grounded using a permanent connection to an established ground.
Additionally, the container being filled should be bonded to the storage rack by using a point-type clamp.
Liquid Transfer Pump
The transfer pump should be provided with two point-type clamps that are both permanently connected (one for the container being drawn from and one for the container being filled). Also, at least one of the components in this transfer operation must be grounded using an established ground.